cripir ha chiesto in Scuola ed educazioneCompiti · 1 decennio fa

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il colle di castiglione

Il colle di Castiglione è una punta avanzata delle colline del Monferrato che si protende al centro della valle del Po: posizione ideale per un castello da cui dominare le terre circostanti e controllare l’intera piana fin dove si spinge lo sguardo nelle giornate terse.

Attorno si estende la valle col suo Rio Maggiore lungo il quale correva una antica via romana che congiungeva la pianura fluviale torinese con la piana chierese. Tra la riva destra del Po e questa valle, nei secoli è cresciuto il paese di Castiglione che prese il nome dal vasto castello che dominava il borgo.

Intorno al 1000 a.C. popolazioni di ceppo Celtico e Ligure si spinsero su queste colline alla ricerca di nuovi pascoli per le loro greggi. Qui disboscarono i pendii, dissodarono i terreni e presto passarono dal nomadismo alla vita stanziale, dedicandosi quasi totalmente all’attività agricola. L’origine del paese come entità geografica-politica si fa risalire alla costituzione del Monferrato sancita dal Diploma del 23 marzo 967 col quale l’Imperatore Ottone I faceva donazione del territorio al Marchese Aleramo riconoscendogli il possesso sia delle terre avute come eredità paterna sia in “vigor d’acquisti” nel detto Regno d’Italia cioè nelle Diocesi di Acqui, Savona, Asti, Monferrato, Torino, Vercelli, Parma e Cremona. Nel 1164 con il decreto di Belfort Federico I detto il Barbarossa confermava il dominio di tali possedimenti al marchese Guglielmo IV del Monferrato. La cruciale posizione di Castiglione come territorio di frontiera venne ribadita in una Convenzione del 1232, nella quale il paese veniva confermato come terra di confine della Marca Monferrina. Secondo questa Convenzione, il Marchese del Monferrato, Bonifacio, si impegnava verso il Comune di Genova a “tenere sicura e mantenere in buono stato” la strada che, passando per Castagneto, San Raffaele, Gassino e Castiglione, congiungeva Asti con Torino. Nell’atto si stabiliva anche un pedaggio per carico o soma, che doveva essere non superiore a sei soldi di Genova e di Asti, mentre nulla si sarebbe preteso per muli o bestie non cariche. La dogana veniva riscossa per conto del Marchese a Castiglione in località Pedaggio. Durante il governo dei marchesi del Monferrato, il paese era inserito nel feudo di un illustre casato (estintosi all’inizio del XVII secolo) che portava il nome Castiglione. Per molti secoli il paese si identificò col colle dove sorgeva il castello, la cui prima edificazione, come fortezza risale presumibilmente all’XI secolo. Fino al XV secolo il castello fortezza ebbe una notevole importanza strategica tanto che continuò ad essere motivo di contesa fra Monferrato e Savoia. Agli inizi del XVII secolo, quando Castiglione passò definitivamente ai Savoia, Carlo Emanuele I lo distrusse.

In seguito all’estinzione dei Castiglione, Maria Cristina di Francia detta Madama Reale, nel 1642 concedeva Castiglione in feudo ai fratelli Giorgio e Giovanni Antonio Turinetti che intrapresero l’opera di ricostruzione dell’antico castello. Il nuovo non aveva più nè torri nè merli, era una villa moderna dove vi furono più volte ospitati Maria Cristina ed il figlio Carlo Emanuele II.

Con il palazzo, i Turinetti crearono un paese nuovo, laborioso e i Castiglionesi videro poco alla volta sorgere sulle loro colline numerose ville della nobiltà della Capitale Torino. Nel 1862, con Regio Decreto, Castiglione assumeva la denominazione definitiva di Castiglione Torinese. Nel 1928 il Comune di Castiglione veniva aggregato al Comune di Gassino. Il 10 luglio 1947 con la pubblicazione su La Gazzetta Ufficiale Castiglione Torinese ridiventò Comune autonomo.

Storia del Palazzo Comunale

In zona la Rezza si trova nell’area del complesso dell’ex Cottolengo un fabbricato che fa da quinta ad un parco-giardino di circa 90x50 metri identificabile nella tipologia architettonica del Chiostro. L’edificio presenta delle preesistenze che fanno risalire la data dell’impianto originale al 1500-1600. In quest’epoca pare fosse installato, infatti, in un fabbricato a manica unica rettangolare, un corpo di guardia, o meglio un pedaggio dove venivano pagate le gabelle sul sale.

Fu proprio in questo periodo, di ostilità tra Castiglione e Gassino, che il fabbricato venne incendiato; successivamente fu ricostruito e completato con altri corpi di fabbrica. Nel 1838 il Canonico Cottolengo ereditò dal Senatore Roberi tutta la tenuta, fondò l’Eremo del Santo Rosario (sotto la protezione di San Romualdo) e vi installò un ordine di 40-50 eremiti, dediti alla vita contemplativa. Alla morte del Cottolengo, però, l’eremo cessò di funzionare e l’Ordine si sciolse. Seguì un periodo nel quale la proprietà non ebbe una destinazione precisa finché, verso la fine dell’800, venne ceduta alle Suore, che dapprima la destinarono a residenza estiva per i malati del Cottolengo di Torino, poi ad asilo.

Il fabbricato ed il chiostro, con il porticato ad archi a sesto ribassato, accentua l’intimità dell

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  • 1 decennio fa
    Risposta preferita

    addirittura 1000 punti....

    mi è kapitato ,kidice 10 ki 50 ki 100 ma mille è esagerato!!!!

  • Anonimo
    1 decennio fa

    the hill of castiglione

    The hill of Castiglione is an advanced point of the hills of the Monferrato that stretches out him to the center of the valley of the Po: ideal position for a castle from which to dominate the surrounding earths and to check the whole plain until where the look pushes him in the clear days.

    Around the valley extends him with its long Greater Rio which an ancient Roman street that connected the Turinese river lowland with the plain chierese raced. Between the right shore of the Po and this valley, in the centuries you/he/she is grown the country of Castiglione that taken the name from the vast castle that dominated the suburb.

    Around the 1000 a.C. populations of Celtic log and Ligure pushed him on these hills to the search of new pastures for their flocks. Here they deforested the slant, they tilled the grounds and soon they passed from the nomadism to the permanent life, almost totally devoting himself/herself/itself to the agricultural activity. The origin of the country as entity geographical-politics makes him go up again to the constitution of the Monferrato enacted by the Diploma of March 23 rd 967 with which the emperor Ottone The it made donation of the territory to the Marquis Aleramo recognizing him the possession both of the had earths as fatherly inheritance is in “vigor of purchases” in the motto Kingdom of Italy that is in the Dioceses of Acqui, Savona, Asti, Monferrato, Turin, Vercelli, Parma and Cremona. In 1164 with the decree of Belfort Federico The motto the Barbarossa confirmed the dominion of such possessiones to the marquis Guglielmo IV of the Monferrato. The crucial position of Castiglione as territory of frontier you/he/she was confirmed in a 1232 Convention, in which the country was confirmed as earth of border of the Brand Monferrina. According to this Convention, the Marquis of the Monferrato, Bonifacio, hocked him toward the Commune in Genoa to “to hold sure and to maintain in good state” the road that, passing for Castagneto, St. Raffaeles, Gas and Castiglione, connected Asti with Turin. In the action a toll also established him for load or burden, that it had to be superior not to six money in Genoa and Asti, while nothing would be pretended for mules or beasts not positions. The customs was received on behalf of the Marquis to Castiglione in the place Toll. During the government of the marquises of the Monferrato, the country was inserted in the feud of an illustrious surname (extinguished him to the beginning of the XVII century) that it brought the name Castiglione. For many centuries the country was identified with the hill where the castle rose, whose first building, as fortitude presumably goes up again to the XI century. Up to the XV century the castle fortitude had a notable importance strategic so much that continued to be motive for argument between Monferrato and Savoia. To the beginnings of the XVII century, when Castiglione definitely passed to the Savoias, Charles Emanuele The it destroyed him/it.

    Following the extinction of the Castigliones, Maria Cristina of France dictates Real Madam, in 1642 you/he/she granted Castiglione in feud to his/her/their brothers George and Giovanni Anthony Turinetti that they undertook the work of reconstruction of the ancient castle. The new one had neither towers nor blackbirds anymore, it was a modern villa where you/they were more turned entertained Maria Cristina and his/her child Charles Emanuele II.

    With the building, the Turinettis created a new country, hard-working and the Castiglionesis saw few to the time to rise on their hills numerous villas of the nobility in the Capital Turin. In 1862, with Regal Decree, Castiglione assumed the definitive denomination of Castiglione Torinese. In 1928 the Commune of Castiglione was admitted to the Commune of Gass. July 10 th 1947 with the publication on You Official Gazette Castiglione Torinese became again Common autonomous.

    History of the Town Building

    In the zone the Rezza is found in the area of the complex of the ex Cottolengo a building that serves as scene to a park-garden of around 90x50 meters identifiable in the architectural typology of the Cloister. The building introduces some preesistenzes that make to go up again the 1500-1600 original plant date. In this epoch it seems it was installed, in fact, in a building to rectangular unique sleeve, a body of watch, or better a toll where the excises were paid on the salt.

    It was really in this period, of hostility among Castiglione and Gass, that the building was set on fire; subsequently you/he/she was reconstructed and completed with other bodies of factory. In 1838 the Canonical Cottolengo inherited from the Senator Roberi the whole estate, it founded the hermitage of the Saint Rosary (under the protection of St. Romualdo) and an order of 40-50 hermits installed you, devoted to the contemplative life. To the death of the Cottolengo, however, the hermitage stopp

  • 1 decennio fa

    prova sul traduttore di google

    The hill of Castiglione is a bit advanced in the hills of Monferrato, who reaches out to the center of the valley of the Po: ideal location for a castle which dominates the surrounding land and control the whole plane goes far gaze on days terse.Attorno extends the valley with its Rio Maggiore along which ran an old Roman road which connected the plain with the river torinese Chierese flat. Between the right bank of the Po valley, and this, has grown over the centuries the village of Castiglione, which took its name from the vast castle that dominated the village.

    Around 1000 a.C. populations of Celtic and Ligurian strain is pushed on these hills in search of new pastures for their herds. Here the slopes deforestation, tilled the land and soon passed from nomadic to sedentary life, devoting himself almost entirely to agriculture. The origin of the country as a geographical-political entity dating back to the establishment of Monferrato Diploma attested by the March 23 967 by which the Emperor Otto I was giving land to the Marquis Aleramo giving possession of land is held as both paternal inheritance "vigor buying" in the Reign of Italy that is in the Diocese of Acqui, Savona, Asti, Monferrato, Torino, Vercelli, Cremona and Parma. In 1164 with the decree of Belfort said Frederick I Barbarossa confirmed the domination of those possessions to the Marquis of Monferrato, William IV. The crucial position of Castiglione as frontier territory was reiterated in a Convention of 1232, in which the country was confirmed as a land border Monferrina Brand. According to this Convention, the Marquis of Monferrato, Bonifacio, undertook to the City of Genoa to keep secure and maintain in good condition "the road, passing through Castagneto, San Raffaele, Gassino and Castiglione, Asti linked with Torino. In stating a toll charged or soma, which was to be no more than six money Genoa and Asti, and nothing would be required for mules or animals are not charged. The customs were levied on account of the Marquis in Castiglione at Toll. During the government of the Marquis of Monferrato, the country was included in the estate of a distinguished family (extinct early in the seventeenth century) who carried the name Castiglione. For many centuries the country was identified with the hill where stood the castle, whose first building, presumably as a fortress dating to the eleventh century. Until the fifteenth century castle fortress was a significant strategic importance to the extent that continued to be source of contention between Monferrato and Savoy. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, when Castiglione finally went to Savoy, Carlo Emanuele I distrusse.In followed the extinction of Castiglione, Maria Cristina di Madama Reale said France, in 1642 granted in fief to the Castiglione brothers George and John Anthony Turinetti who undertook the reconstruction of the ancient castle. The new one had more or towers or battlements, was a modern villa, where there were several times hosted Maria Cristina and her son Carlo Emanuele II.

    By the palace, the Turinetti created a new country, and laborious Castiglionesi saw little by little hills rise on their numerous villas of the nobility of the Capital Torino. In 1862, by Royal Decree, Castiglione took the final designation of Castiglione Torinese. In 1928 the municipality of Castiglione was aggregated to the City of Gassino. On 10 July 1947 with the publication on the Official Gazette Castiglione Torinese municipality again.

    History of the Palazzo Comunale

    In the area Rezza is located in the complex of buildings that Cottolengo ago from fifth to a park of about 90x50 meters identified in the type of architectural Cloister. The building has the seniority that make up the date of the original 1500-1600. In this era seems to be installed, in fact, manufactured in a single rectangular sleeve, a guard, or a toll where the taxes were paid on the sale.

    It was in this period of hostility between Castiglione and Gassino that the building was on fire and later was rebuilt and completed with other buildings. In 1838 the Canon Cottolengo inherited from Senator Rober throughout the estate, founded the Monastery of the Holy Rosary (under the protection of San Romualdo) and installed an order of 40-50 hermits dedicated to the contemplative life. On the death of Cottolengo But the hermitage ceased to function and the Order broke up. There followed a period in which the property was not a destination until the end of the 800, was given to the Sisters, who first intended to the summer residence for the sick Cottolengo Turin, then asylum.

  • 1 decennio fa

    The hill of Castiglione is an advanced point of the hills of the Monferrato that stretches out him to the center of the valley of the Po: ideal position for a castle from which to dominate the surrounding earths and to check the whole plain until where the look pushes him in the clear days.

    Around the valley extends him with its long Greater Rio which an ancient Roman street that connected the Turinese river lowland with the plain chierese raced. Between the right shore of the Po and this valley, in the centuries you/he/she is grown the country of Castiglione that taken the name from the vast castle that dominated the suburb.

    Around the 1000 a.C. populations of Celtic log and Ligure pushed him on these hills to the search of new pastures for their flocks. Here they deforested the slant, they tilled the grounds and soon they passed from the nomadism to the permanent life, almost totally devoting himself/herself/itself to the agricultural activity. The origin of the country as entity geographical-politics makes him go up again to the constitution of the Monferrato enacted by the Diploma of March 23 rd 967 with which the emperor Ottone The it made donation of the territory to the Marquis Aleramo recognizing him the possession both of the had earths as fatherly inheritance is in “vigor of purchases” in the motto Kingdom of Italy that is in the Dioceses of Acqui, Savona, Asti, Monferrato, Turin, Vercelli, Parma and Cremona. In 1164 with the decree of Belfort Federico The motto the Barbarossa confirmed the dominion of such possessiones to the marquis Guglielmo IV of the Monferrato. The crucial position of Castiglione as territory of frontier you/he/she was confirmed in a 1232 Convention, in which the country was confirmed as earth of border of the Brand Monferrina. According to this Convention, the Marquis of the Monferrato, Bonifacio, hocked him toward the Commune in Genoa to “to hold sure and to maintain in good state” the road that, passing for Castagneto, St. Raffaeles, Gas and Castiglione, connected Asti with Turin. In the action a toll also established him for load or burden, that it had to be superior not to six money in Genoa and Asti, while nothing would be pretended for mules or beasts not positions. The customs was received on behalf of the Marquis to Castiglione in the place Toll. During the government of the marquises of the Monferrato, the country was inserted in the feud of an illustrious surname (extinguished him to the beginning of the XVII century) that it brought the name Castiglione. For many centuries the country was identified with the hill where the castle rose, whose first building, as fortitude presumably goes up again to the XI century. Up to the XV century the castle fortitude had a notable importance strategic so much that continued to be motive for argument between Monferrato and Savoia. To the beginnings of the XVII century, when Castiglione definitely passed to the Savoias, Charles Emanuele The it destroyed him/it.

    Following the extinction of the Castigliones, Maria Cristina of France dictates Real Madam, in 1642 you/he/she granted Castiglione in feud to his/her/their brothers George and Giovanni Anthony Turinetti that they undertook the work of reconstruction of the ancient castle. The new one had neither towers nor blackbirds anymore, it was a modern villa where you/they were more turned entertained Maria Cristina and his/her child Charles Emanuele II.

    With the building, the Turinettis created a new country, hard-working and the Castiglionesis saw few to the time to rise on their hills numerous villas of the nobility in the Capital Turin. In 1862, with Regal Decree, Castiglione assumed the definitive denomination of Castiglione Torinese. In 1928 the Commune of Castiglione was admitted to the Commune of Gass. July 10 th 1947 with the publication on You Official Gazette Castiglione Torinese became again Common autonomous.

    History of the Town Building

    In the zone the Rezza is found in the area of the complex of the ex Cottolengo a building that serves as scene to a park-garden of around 90x50 meters identifiable in the architectural typology of the Cloister. The building introduces some preesistenzes that make to go up again the 1500-1600 original plant date. In this epoch it seems it was installed, in fact, in a building to rectangular unique sleeve, a body of watch, or better a toll where the excises were paid on the salt.

    It was really in this period, of hostility among Castiglione and Gass, that the building was set on fire; subsequently you/he/she was reconstructed and completed with other bodies of factory. In 1838 the Canonical Cottolengo inherited from the Senator Roberi the whole estate, it founded the hermitage of the Saint Rosary (under the protection of St. Romualdo) and an order of 40-50 hermits installed you, devoted to the contemplative life. To the death of the Cottolengo, however, the hermitage stopped working and the order lo

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  • Anonimo
    1 decennio fa

    the castiglione hill. The hill of Castiglione is a advanced tip of hills of the Monferrato that is protende to the center of goes them of the Po: ideal position for a castle from which dominating surrounding lands and controlling entire the flat one how far the look in the days is pushed terse. Around goes it is extended it them with its Greater River along which an ancient one via Roman ran who combined the Turinese fluvial plain with the flat chierese. Between the skillful river of the Po and this they goes, in the centuries has grown the country of Castiglione that taken the name from the immense castle that dominated the village. questo è il massimo che posso fare.ciao

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