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Diego ha chiesto in Società e cultureLingue · 8 anni fa

Chi è bravo in inglese da dirmi le parti più importanti di questo testo da studiare?

English and the anglosphere

A network of civilization

The term anglosphere is usually attributed to science fiction writer Neal Stephenson, who used it in his 1995 novel The Diamond Age. Later, scholars and linguists used it to refer to a group of English- speaking nations, which share historical, political, and cultural characteristics rooted in or attributed to the historical experience of the United Kingdom. As a network of civilizations without a corresponding political form, the Anglosphere has necessarily imprecise boundaries. Geographically, the nodes of the Anglosphere are found in the united kingdom and in the united states, while such Anglophone countries as Ireland, Canada, Australia, new Zealand, and south Africa are powerful and populous outliers. In addition, the educated English-speaking populations of the Caribbean Oceania, Africa and India pertain to the Anglosphere to various degrees, to be part of the anglosphere means not only to use English as a first or second language but also to cling, by birth or choice, to the fundamental values and traditions that form the core of the original English-speaking cultures. These values include individualism, rule of law, and freedom in both political and cultural life. Nations belonging to the Anglosphere share a common historical background in which the magna carta, the values of the American bill of rights, and such common law principles as trial by jury and presumption of innocence are taken for granted. Political and social stability is some thing you find in almost all the nations of the anglosphere. Besides, anglosphere nations have developed increasingly important mutual cooperative institutions since world war I, which are meant to expand the range of options for international cooperation. One of these organizations is the commonwealth of nations.

MAGNA CARTA

It was the first charter granted by an English king which set limits on royal authority, making clear that the king was subject to the law, not above it. The charter was granted first by king john in 1215, under threat of civil war because of a revolt of the barons, and then reissued in the following years (1216, 1217 and 1225). One of the most famous clauses of magna carta, which is still valid today, is the one which states that no free man shall be imprisoned , dispossessed, outlawed, or exiled without the lawful judgment of his equals. The legacy of magna carta is that it limited the sovereign’s authority by establishing the crucial principle that the law was a power in its own right to which the king was subject.

AMERICAN BILL OF RIGHTS

In the united states, the fist ten amendments to the constitution are known as bill of right. The bill of rights, which was introduced in 1791, protects the freedoms of speech, press, and religion, the right to keep and bear arms, and the freedom of assembly. It also prohibits the federal government from depriving any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.

COMMON LAW

Common law refers to the law and the corresponding legal system developed through decisions of courts and similar tribunals, rather than through legislative statutes or executive action. The common law has been created and refined by judges of the common-law courts of England since the middle ages. When there was no authoritative statement of the law, judges had the authority and duty to make law by creating precedent. The body of precedent was called “ common law” and it bound future decisions English common law gave the world the jury system and the guarantee of individual freedom, which in true democracies is taken for granted. The legal system found in the united kingdom, in the united states, and in most of the member states of commonwealth of nations originated in common law.

COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS

The Commonwealth of nations is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, most of which are former British colonies, or dependencies of these colonies ( except Mozambique ). The countries that belong to this international organization co-operate within a framework of common values and goals such as the promotion of democracy, human rights, individual freedom, free trade , and world peace. The Head of the Commonwealth is the British monarch.

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  • Anonimo
    8 anni fa
    Risposta preferita

    Gia che ci sei perke non mi chiedi se ti scrivo un romanzo e lo traduco in tutte le lingue a nome tuo ?

    Io conosco benissimo the english but I won't do your homework !

    Fonte/i: Ho studiato inglese !
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  • 8 anni fa

    Tutto? Tanto è poco :)

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